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聯係人:莊 延 山(先生)

地 址:大石橋市南樓經濟開發區高莊村

電 話:0417-5289488  13904074678

郵 箱:dsqbohai@126.com

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Yingkou Bohai Magnesium Materials Co., Ltd.

Contact: Zhuang Yanshan (Mr.)

locations: Gaozhuang Village, Nanlou Economic Development Zone, Dashiqiao City

phones call: +86 0417-5289488  +86 13904074678

Mailbox: dsqbohai@126.com 

Zip code: 115100

輕燒鎂球供應商出口現狀如何改變 How does the export status of light-burned magnesium balls suppliers change?

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輕燒鎂球供應商出口現狀如何改變 How does the export status of light-burned magnesium balls suppliers change?

發布日期:2015-07-31 00:00 來源:http://www.pasaranuang.com 點擊:

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http://www.pasaranuang.com過去我國出口的氧化鎂輕燒鎂球輕燒鎂粉為主,出口配額政策有其合理性,但隨著技術進步和鹽湖鹵水、海水、白雲石和蛇紋石等資源的不斷開發,化學合成氧化鎂的產量和品質不斷提高,亟須開發國際市場,而簡單的出口配額管理則大大限製了這種合理需求。那麽該如何完善我國氧化鎂出口政策呢?對此,中國無機鹽工業協會鎂化合物分會秘書長胡永琪提出了以下建議。

  第一,對煆燒氧化鎂和合成氧化鎂進行分類管理,增加輕燒鎂球、輕燒鎂粉出口代碼。由於菱鎂礦資源的稀缺性及其重要戰略地位,目前取消氧化鎂出口配額政策,不利於對菱鎂礦資源和環境的保護。建議對煆燒氧化鎂和合成氧化鎂進行分類管理,增加出口代碼,對高附加值的合成氧化鎂使用單獨的出口代碼,不僅不再實行出口配額限製,而且要在政策上鼓勵出口創匯,實現鹽湖及海水資源的可持續利用。

  目前青海在建和投產的鹵水法氧化鎂產能就超過了30萬噸,而國內氧化鎂的市場銷量通常隻有每年10萬噸左右,開拓國際市場是消化這些過剩產能的必然途徑。但目前氧化鎂出口配額管理,則嚴重製約了這些產品走向國際市場。因此,對煆燒氧化鎂和合成氧化鎂實行分類管理勢在必行。

  第二,改革輕燒鎂球、輕燒鎂粉供應商出口配額招標政策。出口配額招標政策催生了配額倒買倒賣行業,損害了出口市場秩序,限製了本該鼓勵的合成氧化鎂出口。建議適當提高菱鎂礦的開采資源稅、排汙費和出口關稅,來替代氧化鎂的出口配額招標政策。一方麵,采用這些管控政策同樣可以達到控製煆燒氧化鎂過度出口、資源流失問題,而合成氧化鎂可以不用菱鎂礦生產,這樣就實現了對合成氧化鎂的區別對待;另一方麵,資源稅、排汙費和出口關稅是國際認可的通行政策,這些政策也不會違背世貿組織的運行規則。

  第三,氧化鎂生產企業需加快技術開發。氧化鎂生產企業一方麵通過技術進步提高各種鎂資源的利用效率,逐漸減少氧化鎂生產對菱鎂礦資源的依賴;另一方麵,不斷開發各種新用途、高功能性、高附加值的氧化鎂產品,提高市場競爭力,向氧化鎂下遊延伸產業鏈,減少低端氧化鎂產品的直接出口。

  近年來,青海西部鎂業、浙江聯大化工、青海百事特、青海中信國安、青海鹽湖集團等企業紛紛投資建設以鹽湖製鉀、海水製鹽副產的廢鹵為主要原料生產高品質合成氧化鎂的項目。這些項目都是以西部豐富的鹵水氯化鎂資源為原料,不存在資源流失問題,將氧化鎂生產與鉀鹽生產聯合開發,生產的產品純度高、生產規模大、裝置自動化程度相對高。這種工藝路線既生產了氯化鎂產品,也給國內短缺的鉀肥生產消除了“鎂害”,發展了循環經濟,實現了可持續發展。

 

http://www.pasaranuang.com In the past, China's exports of magnesium oxide were mainly light-burned magnesium balls and light-burned magnesium powder. The export quota policy has its rationality, but with technological progress and salt lake brine, seawater, dolomite and snakes The continuous development of resources such as stone and the continuous increase in the output and quality of chemically synthesized magnesia urgently require the development of international markets, while simple export quota management has greatly limited this reasonable demand. So how to improve China's magnesia export policy? In this regard, Hu Yongqi, Secretary General of the Magnesium Compound Branch of the China Inorganic Salt Industry Association, put forward the following suggestions.


First, classified management of calcined magnesia and synthetic magnesia, and increased export codes of lightly burned magnesium balls and lightly burned magnesium powder. Due to the scarcity of magnesite resources and its important strategic status, the current abolition of the magnesium oxide export quota policy is not conducive to the protection of magnesite resources and the environment. It is recommended that classified management of calcined magnesia and synthetic magnesia, increase export codes, use separate export codes for high value-added synthetic magnesia, not only no longer implement export quota restrictions, but also encourage exports to earn foreign exchange through policies and realize salt lakes. And the sustainable use of sea water resources.

Currently, the capacity of brine magnesium oxide under construction and in production in Qinghai exceeds 300,000 tons, while domestic magnesium oxide market sales are usually only about 100,000 tons per year. Exploiting the international market is an inevitable way to digest these excess capacity. However, the current management of magnesium oxide export quotas has severely restricted these products from entering the international market. Therefore, it is imperative to implement classified management of calcined magnesia and synthetic magnesia.

Second, reform the export quota bidding policy for suppliers of lightly burned magnesium balls and lightly burned magnesium powder. The export quota bidding policy has spawned the quota buying and selling industry, damaged the export market order, and restricted the export of synthetic magnesium oxide that should be encouraged. It is suggested to appropriately increase the mining resource tax, sewage charges and export tariffs of magnesite to replace the export quota bidding policy of magnesia. On the one hand, the adoption of these control policies can also control the problems of excessive export of calcined magnesia and the loss of resources, while synthetic magnesia can be produced without magnesite, so that different treatment of synthetic magnesia is realized; Sewage charges and export tariffs are internationally accepted general policies, and these policies will not violate the WTO's operating rules.

Third, magnesium oxide production enterprises need to speed up technological development. On the one hand, magnesium oxide production enterprises improve the utilization efficiency of various magnesium resources through technological progress, and gradually reduce the dependence of magnesium oxide production on magnesite resources; on the other hand, they continue to develop various new uses, high functionality, and high added value. Magnesium oxide products, improve market competitiveness, extend the industrial chain downstream of magnesium oxide, and reduce direct exports of low-end magnesium oxide products.

In recent years, enterprises in western Qinghai Magnesium, Zhejiang United University Chemical, Qinghai Best, Qinghai CITIC Guoan, Qinghai Salt Lake Group and other companies have invested in the construction of high-quality synthetic oxidation based on waste halogens produced by salt lake potassium production and seawater salt production. Magnesium items. These projects are based on the abundant brine magnesium chloride resources in the west, and there is no problem of resource loss. The joint development of magnesium oxide production and potassium salt production has produced products with high purity, large production scale and relatively high degree of equipment automation. This process route not only produces magnesium chloride products, but also eliminates "magnesium harm" to domestic shortage of potassium fertilizer production, develops a circular economy, and achieves sustainable development.

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