中國耐火材料(輕燒鎂球、輕燒鎂粉)行業的昨天、今天和明天 Yesterday, today and tomorrow in Chinas refractory (light-burned magnesium balls, light-burned magnesium powder) industry
發布日期：2015-08-28 00:00 來源：http://www.pasaranuang.com 點擊：
輕燒鎂粉" href="/index.html" target="_self">http://www.pasaranuang.com 我國是世界Z大的耐火材料（輕燒鎂球，輕燒鎂粉，苦土粉等）生產、消費和出口國。我國耐火材料工業支撐了鋼鐵及其他高溫工業的快速發展。但近年，受市場需求萎縮、成本大幅上升等因素影響，耐火材料企業效益下滑，前景不容樂觀。記者對徐殿利副會長進行了專訪，以期讓讀者更全麵地了解我國耐火材料行業。
http://www.pasaranuang.com China is the world's largest producer, consumer and exporter of refractory materials (light burned magnesium balls, light burned magnesium powder, bitter clay powder, etc.). China's refractory industry supports the rapid development of steel and other high-temperature industries. However, in recent years, due to factors such as shrinking market demand and sharply rising costs, the efficiency of refractories companies has declined, and the outlook is not optimistic. The reporter conducted an exclusive interview with Vice President Xu Dianli, with a view to let readers understand China's refractory industry more comprehensively.
Reporter: The refractory industry has played an irreplaceable role in the development of high-temperature industries such as steel, nonferrous metals, cement, and glass (862, -5.00, -0.58%). What kind of development history has China's refractory industry experienced?
Xu Dianli: Refractory materials (lightly burned magnesium balls, lightly burned magnesium powder, bitter clay powder, etc.) are mainly used in steel, cement, ceramics, glass, non-ferrous metal smelting, power and other fields. Its consumption accounts for 60% -65% of the total consumption of refractory materials.
Since the reform and opening up, China's refractory industry has experienced the following three development stages. The first stage was in the 1990s. At the beginning of the reform and opening up, due to the small investment in refractories and the relatively low technical content, a large number of private refractory plants were built. It was a competition between state-owned and private enterprises. The second stage is after 2000. Due to the rapid development of downstream industries, the demand for refractory materials has expanded rapidly, which has promoted the rapid development of refractory industries led by private enterprises. This stage is the competition between traditional private enterprises and new generation private enterprises. In recent years, as the downstream industry enterprises regulate the procurement order, the refractory market has shifted to advantageous enterprises, and it is currently a game among large refractory enterprises.
At present, private enterprises occupy an absolute dominant position in the refractory industry, and state-owned enterprises' refractory output accounts for less than 5% of the total output.
Reporter: What is the status of China's refractory industry in the international refractory market?
殿 Xu Dianli: China's refractory output accounts for about 65% of the world's total output. In fact, the domestic demand for refractory materials also accounts for more than 60% of the total world demand. Each year, the proportion of refractory imports accounts for less than 0.5% of domestic demand, and the proportion of exports accounts for less than 10% of total output, but China has been the world's largest exporter of refractories for the past decade.
Domestic refractory materials, whether in quantity, quality, or variety, can meet the demand for refractory materials in China's high-temperature industry during production operations and technological development.
Reporter: How about the overall operation of China's refractory industry in 2014?
殿 Xu Dianli: In 2014, due to the downturn in domestic downstream industries such as iron and steel, especially the decline in the demand for infrastructure refractories, China's refractory output was 27.971 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 4.48%.
In 2014, China's export trade of refractory raw materials exceeded US $ 3 billion again, reaching US $ 3.333 billion. Among them, the export volume of refractory products was 1,862,300 tons, a year-on-year increase of 5.27%; the export trade value was 1,534 million US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 9.73%, and the comprehensive average price increased by 4.24% year-on-year. In 2014, China's imports of refractory products were 25,100 tons, a year-on-year decrease of 26.45%.
Reporter: What are the main problems in China's refractory industry?
殿 Xu Dianli: The first is the problem of severe overcapacity that leads to oversupply of the market and disorderly competition, making some refractory companies difficult to produce and operate. According to surveys by relevant local associations, in the third quarter of 2014, nearly 60% of small and medium-sized refractory companies in some main refractory production areas were in a state of suspension or semi-stoppage.
Second is the high receivables, and the pressure on corporate funds has increased. A survey of the operating conditions of 58 key refractory enterprises found that at the end of 2014, the total receivables of key enterprises was 12.856 billion yuan, an increase of 937 million yuan and 7.86% year-on-year.
Third, although China's refractory mineral resources are relatively abundant, excessive mining, destruction and waste are serious, and resource protection is imminent.
In addition, after the implementation of the new environmental protection law and the "Regulations for the Refractories Industry", the threshold is higher, the management is more standardized, and the pressure for the survival and development of refractories companies is also greater.
Reporter: What is the process of joint reorganization of refractory enterprises?
Xu Dianli: The refractory industry has undergone joint reorganization efforts, especially several listed refractories companies. They have made rapid progress in joint corporate reorganization. Many companies have rapidly expanded their production scale through joint reorganization. Competitive large refractories company. Before 2010, there were only 1-2 refractory companies with sales revenues exceeding one billion yuan, and now they have reached more than ten.
Reporter: What kind of development trend will China's refractory industry show in the future?
殿 Xu Dianli: The main downstream industries are affected by overcapacity, the market supply and demand contradictions are prominent, the situation of low prices and low benefits is difficult to change in the short term, and the market demand for its products has entered the peak arc area.
With the advancement of refractory technology and performance, the consumption of refractories per unit product will gradually decrease. According to the investigation results of the Refractories Association, the consumption per ton of steel refractory under the overall contract procurement method of China's steel industry has dropped to 15 kg, but there is still a large gap between the consumption of per ton steel refractory and the international advanced level.
Therefore, under the multiple effects of overcapacity in the downstream industries in the domestic industry and the reduction in unit refractory consumption due to technological progress, the domestic demand for refractory materials will show a downward trend in general fluctuations.
Under this premise, China's refractory industry must first realize transformation and upgrading, adjust industrial structure, expand the results of joint reorganization, increase industrial concentration, and adapt to the new normal. Secondly, we must pay attention to scientific and technological innovation, work hard in industry-university-research, independent innovation, and improve the competitiveness of the entire industry. Finally, under the management of the new environmental protection law and "Specification Conditions for the Refractory Industry", attention must be paid to energy conservation and environmental protection to create a comprehensive green refractory.
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