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聯係人:莊 延 山(先生)

地 址:大石橋市南樓經濟開發區高莊村

電 話:0417-5289488  13904074678

郵 箱:dsqbohai@126.com

郵 編:115100

 

Yingkou Bohai Magnesium Materials Co., Ltd.

Contact: Zhuang Yanshan (Mr.)

locations: Gaozhuang Village, Nanlou Economic Development Zone, Dashiqiao City

phones call: +86 0417-5289488  +86 13904074678

Mailbox: dsqbohai@126.com 

Zip code: 115100

中國耐火材料(輕燒鎂球、輕燒鎂粉)行業的昨天、今天和明天 Yesterday, today and tomorrow in Chinas refractory (light-burned magnesium balls, light-burned magnesium powder) industry

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中國耐火材料(輕燒鎂球、輕燒鎂粉)行業的昨天、今天和明天 Yesterday, today and tomorrow in Chinas refractory (light-burned magnesium balls, light-burned magnesium powder) industry

發布日期:2015-08-28 00:00 來源:http://www.pasaranuang.com 點擊:

 

輕燒鎂粉" href="/index.html" target="_self">http://www.pasaranuang.com   我國是世界Z大的耐火材料輕燒鎂球,輕燒鎂粉,苦土粉等)生產、消費和出口國。我國耐火材料工業支撐了鋼鐵及其他高溫工業的快速發展。但近年,受市場需求萎縮、成本大幅上升等因素影響,耐火材料企業效益下滑,前景不容樂觀。記者對徐殿利副會長進行了專訪,以期讓讀者更全麵地了解我國耐火材料行業。

    記者:耐火材料產業在鋼鐵、有色、水泥、玻璃(862,-5.00,-0.58%)等高溫工業的發展中起著不可替代的重要作用,我國耐火材料行業經曆了怎樣的發展曆程?

  徐殿利:耐火材料(輕燒鎂球,輕燒鎂粉,苦土粉等)主要應用於鋼鐵、水泥、陶瓷、玻璃、有色金屬冶煉、電力等多個領域,其中鋼鐵行業是耐火材料Z大用戶,其消耗量占耐火材料消耗總量的60%-65%。
  改革開放以來,我國耐火材料行業經曆了以下三個發展階段。第一個階段是20世紀90年代,改革開放初期,由於耐火材料投資小,技術含量相對較低,一批民營耐火材料廠大量興建。那時是國有企業和民營企業間的競爭。第二個階段是2000年以後,由於下遊行業快速發展,帶動耐火材料需求量急速擴大,推動了以民營企業為主導的耐火材料工業快速發展。這一階段是傳統民營企業與新生代民營企業間的競爭。近年來,隨著下遊行業企業規範采購秩序,耐火材料市場向優勢企業轉移,目前是大型耐材企業之間的博弈。
  目前,民營企業在耐火材料行業中占絕對主導地位,國有企業耐火材料產量占總產量的比例不足5%。
  記者:我國耐火材料工業在國際耐材市場的地位如何?
  徐殿利:我國耐火材料產量占世界總產量的65%左右。實際上,國內耐火材料需求量大約也占世界總需求量的60%以上。每年耐材進口量占國內需求量的比例不到0.5%,出口量占總產量的比例不足10%,但近十年來我國一直是全球Z大的耐火材料出口國。
  國產耐火材料,不
是數量、質量還是品種都可以滿足我國高溫行業生產運行和技術發展對耐火材料的需求。
  記者:2014年我國耐火材料行業整體運行情況如何?
  徐殿利:2014年,受國內鋼鐵等下遊產業低迷狀態影響,特別是基建用耐火材料需求量下降的影響,我國耐火材料產量為2797.15萬噸,同比降低4.48%。
  2014年我國耐火原材料出口貿易額又一次突破30億美元,達33.30億美元。其中耐火製品出口量186.23萬噸,同比增長5.27%;出口貿易額15.34億美元,同比增長9.73%,綜合平均價格同比增長4.24%。2014年,我國耐火製品進口量2.51萬噸,同比下降26.45%。
  記者:我國耐火材料行業目前存在的主要問題是什麽?
  徐殿利:第一是產能嚴重過剩導致市場供大於求和無序競爭的問題,使一些耐材企業生產經營困難,舉步維艱。據相關地方協會調研顯示,2014年三季度,部分耐材主產區近60%的中小耐材企業處於停產、半停產狀態。
  第二是應收貨款高,企業資金壓力進一步加大。對58家耐材重點企業經營狀況調研發現,2014年末重點企業應收貨款總額128.56億元,同比增加9.37億元,增長7.86%。
  第三,雖然我國耐火礦產資源比較豐富,但濫采濫挖、破壞和浪費現象嚴重,資源保護迫在眉睫。
  此外,新環保法的實施和《耐火材料行業規範條件》出台後,
檻高了,管理更規範了,耐材企業生存和發展的壓力也更大了。
  記者:耐火材料企業聯合重組的進程如何?
  徐殿利:耐火材料行業聯合重組力度較大,尤其是幾家上市的耐火材料公司,他們在企業聯合重組方麵進展很快,不少企業通過聯合重組快速擴大了生產規模,已經形成幾個具有較強競爭力的大型耐火材料企業。2010年前,銷售收入超過十億元的耐火材料企業隻有1-2家,現在達到十多家。
  記者:我國耐火材料行業未來將呈現怎樣的發展趨勢?
  徐殿利:主要下遊行業受產能過剩影響,市場供需矛盾突出,低價格、低效益的局麵短期內難以改變,且其產品的市場需求都已進入峰值弧頂區。
  隨著耐火材料技術進步,性能提高,單位產品耐火材料消耗將逐步降低。耐材協會調研結果表明,我國鋼鐵行業整體承包采購方式下的噸鋼耐火材料消耗已下降到15千克,但我國噸鋼耐火材料消耗與國際先進水平還有很大的差距。
  因此,在國內下遊行業產能過剩、技術進步使單位耐火材料消耗降低等多重作用下,國內耐火材料需求將呈現總體趨降的波動運行走勢。
  在這個大前提下,我國耐火材料行業首先要實現轉型升級,產業結構調整,擴大聯合重組成果,提高產業集中度,適應新常態。其次要注重科技創新,在產學研用、自主創新上下功夫,提高全行業競爭力。Z後要在新環保法和《耐火材料行業規範條件》的管理下,注重節能環保,打造綜合綠色耐材。

 

 

http://www.pasaranuang.com China is the world's largest producer, consumer and exporter of refractory materials (light burned magnesium balls, light burned magnesium powder, bitter clay powder, etc.). China's refractory industry supports the rapid development of steel and other high-temperature industries. However, in recent years, due to factors such as shrinking market demand and sharply rising costs, the efficiency of refractories companies has declined, and the outlook is not optimistic. The reporter conducted an exclusive interview with Vice President Xu Dianli, with a view to let readers understand China's refractory industry more comprehensively.

    Reporter: The refractory industry has played an irreplaceable role in the development of high-temperature industries such as steel, nonferrous metals, cement, and glass (862, -5.00, -0.58%). What kind of development history has China's refractory industry experienced?

Xu Dianli: Refractory materials (lightly burned magnesium balls, lightly burned magnesium powder, bitter clay powder, etc.) are mainly used in steel, cement, ceramics, glass, non-ferrous metal smelting, power and other fields. Its consumption accounts for 60% -65% of the total consumption of refractory materials.
Since the reform and opening up, China's refractory industry has experienced the following three development stages. The first stage was in the 1990s. At the beginning of the reform and opening up, due to the small investment in refractories and the relatively low technical content, a large number of private refractory plants were built. It was a competition between state-owned and private enterprises. The second stage is after 2000. Due to the rapid development of downstream industries, the demand for refractory materials has expanded rapidly, which has promoted the rapid development of refractory industries led by private enterprises. This stage is the competition between traditional private enterprises and new generation private enterprises. In recent years, as the downstream industry enterprises regulate the procurement order, the refractory market has shifted to advantageous enterprises, and it is currently a game among large refractory enterprises.
At present, private enterprises occupy an absolute dominant position in the refractory industry, and state-owned enterprises' refractory output accounts for less than 5% of the total output.
Reporter: What is the status of China's refractory industry in the international refractory market?
殿 Xu Dianli: China's refractory output accounts for about 65% of the world's total output. In fact, the domestic demand for refractory materials also accounts for more than 60% of the total world demand. Each year, the proportion of refractory imports accounts for less than 0.5% of domestic demand, and the proportion of exports accounts for less than 10% of total output, but China has been the world's largest exporter of refractories for the past decade.
Domestic refractory materials, whether in quantity, quality, or variety, can meet the demand for refractory materials in China's high-temperature industry during production operations and technological development.
Reporter: How about the overall operation of China's refractory industry in 2014?
殿 Xu Dianli: In 2014, due to the downturn in domestic downstream industries such as iron and steel, especially the decline in the demand for infrastructure refractories, China's refractory output was 27.971 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 4.48%.
In 2014, China's export trade of refractory raw materials exceeded US $ 3 billion again, reaching US $ 3.333 billion. Among them, the export volume of refractory products was 1,862,300 tons, a year-on-year increase of 5.27%; the export trade value was 1,534 million US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 9.73%, and the comprehensive average price increased by 4.24% year-on-year. In 2014, China's imports of refractory products were 25,100 tons, a year-on-year decrease of 26.45%.
Reporter: What are the main problems in China's refractory industry?
殿 Xu Dianli: The first is the problem of severe overcapacity that leads to oversupply of the market and disorderly competition, making some refractory companies difficult to produce and operate. According to surveys by relevant local associations, in the third quarter of 2014, nearly 60% of small and medium-sized refractory companies in some main refractory production areas were in a state of suspension or semi-stoppage.
Second is the high receivables, and the pressure on corporate funds has increased. A survey of the operating conditions of 58 key refractory enterprises found that at the end of 2014, the total receivables of key enterprises was 12.856 billion yuan, an increase of 937 million yuan and 7.86% year-on-year.
Third, although China's refractory mineral resources are relatively abundant, excessive mining, destruction and waste are serious, and resource protection is imminent.
In addition, after the implementation of the new environmental protection law and the "Regulations for the Refractories Industry", the threshold is higher, the management is more standardized, and the pressure for the survival and development of refractories companies is also greater.
Reporter: What is the process of joint reorganization of refractory enterprises?
Xu Dianli: The refractory industry has undergone joint reorganization efforts, especially several listed refractories companies. They have made rapid progress in joint corporate reorganization. Many companies have rapidly expanded their production scale through joint reorganization. Competitive large refractories company. Before 2010, there were only 1-2 refractory companies with sales revenues exceeding one billion yuan, and now they have reached more than ten.
Reporter: What kind of development trend will China's refractory industry show in the future?
殿 Xu Dianli: The main downstream industries are affected by overcapacity, the market supply and demand contradictions are prominent, the situation of low prices and low benefits is difficult to change in the short term, and the market demand for its products has entered the peak arc area.
With the advancement of refractory technology and performance, the consumption of refractories per unit product will gradually decrease. According to the investigation results of the Refractories Association, the consumption per ton of steel refractory under the overall contract procurement method of China's steel industry has dropped to 15 kg, but there is still a large gap between the consumption of per ton steel refractory and the international advanced level.
Therefore, under the multiple effects of overcapacity in the downstream industries in the domestic industry and the reduction in unit refractory consumption due to technological progress, the domestic demand for refractory materials will show a downward trend in general fluctuations.
Under this premise, China's refractory industry must first realize transformation and upgrading, adjust industrial structure, expand the results of joint reorganization, increase industrial concentration, and adapt to the new normal. Secondly, we must pay attention to scientific and technological innovation, work hard in industry-university-research, independent innovation, and improve the competitiveness of the entire industry. Finally, under the management of the new environmental protection law and "Specification Conditions for the Refractory Industry", attention must be paid to energy conservation and environmental protection to create a comprehensive green refractory.

 

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